Amendments to the constitution in 1960 transformed ghana into a. In the pursuit of it object actionaid international ghana shall affiliate with other actionaid international bodies. Fees of the courts to form part of consolidated fund. Ghana s only and previous experience with a wholesale revie w of a constitution occurred in 1960, when the independence constitution was replaced b y a republican constitution.
It was approved on 28 april 1992 through a national referendum after 92% support. Sources of law in ghana victor essien fordham university in january 1993, ghana s fourth republic was inaugurated after a 12year military interregnum. Supremacy of the constitution 1 the sovereignty of ghana resides in the people of ghana in whose name and for whose welfare the powers of government are to be exercised in the manner and within the limits laid down in this constitution. History of the parliament of ghana ghana achieved independence on 6th march, 1957. In august 1960, nkrumah was given authority to scrutinize newspapers and other publications before publication. In 1960, nkrumah transformed ghana into a republic, with himself as president for life. In the present discussion i examine the sources of. The constitution shall come into force oll the 24th day of ment constitutionor. Constitution of ghana wikisource, the free online library. Archampong faculty of law, knust, kumasi september, 2010 many thanks to fiona sampson, vasanthi venkatesh, doreen antwi, brittany twiss for research assistance.
Provided that this subsection shall not extend to ghana as part of the law thereof. Section 5prohibition of partnerships exceeding 20 members no company, association or partnership consisting of more than twenty persons shall be formed for the purpose of carrying on any business that has for its object the acquisition of gain by the company, association or partnership, or by the individual. In june, 1960, ten women were elected by the national assembly to fill specially created seats. Supremacy of the partys constitution subject to the provisions of the constitution of the republic of ghana, and any laws for the time being in force in the republic, the provisions of this constitution shall take precedence over and above any and all other rules and regulations of the party. Ghanas constitution of 1992 with amendments through 1996. Sep 18, 2018 the constitution of the republic of the republic of ghana 1992 1. Ghana attained independence from colonial british rule on march 6, 1957. All citizens shall have the right and freedom to form or join political parties and to participate in. The document reflects the lessons drawn from the abrogated constitutions of 1957, 1960, 1969, and 1979, and it incorporates provisions and institutions drawn. The current president of ghana is nana akufoaddo, who won the 2016 presidential election against the incumbent, john dramani mahama, by a margin of 9. Jan 15, 2017 nigeria independence act, 1960, the constitution of each region shall have the force of law throughout that region and if any other law is inconsistent with that constitution, the provisions of that constitution shall prevail and the other law shall, to the extent of the inconsistency, be void. The main issue was a change in the countrys status from a constitutional monarchy with elizabeth ii as head of state, to a republic with a presidential system of government there were 2,098,651 voters registered for the referendum. Act 527 constitution of the republic of ghana amendment act, 1996. The name of the organisation is actionaid international ghana and shall hereinafter be called the organisation.
Chapter one the constitution 1 1 the sovereignty of ghana resides in the people of ghana in whose name and for whose welfare the powers of government are to be exercised in the manner and within the limits laid down in this constitution. The political struggles that preceded this historic event date back over a hundred years. The fourth republic was ushered in by a new constitution promulgated in october, 1992, yet another signal to the resumption of legal normalcy. Section 9particulars to be given on request every person who occupies any office or shop to which this act applies shall, if so requested by an inspector, within one month serve on the chief inspector a notice containing the particulars set out in the third schedule.
Subject to clause 2 a of this article each local church shall be self governing, self propagating, and selfsupporting under the local church pastor, and accredited worker, or an approved leader, as the case may be. In 1957, when ghana achieved full political independence the constitution was fashioned after the westminster model. The constitution shall come into force oll the 24th day of. Ghanas only and previous experience with a wholesale revie w of a constitution occurred in 1960, when the independence constitution was replaced b y a republican constitution. Pdf ghanas 1992 constitution is a hybrid arrangement that combines. This system of election was not intended to be permanent. Amendments to the constitution in 1960 transformed ghana into a republic under a president and set up one party state. Constitution of the united states we the people of the united states, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this. And whereas the people of ghana approved the said constitution for the administration of ghana to come into force on 7th day of january, 1993.
On july 1, 1960, it became a republic, the first of four civilian republics that were interspersed with periods of military rule. Marital rape a womens equality issue in ghana elizabeth a. At the same time the people of british togoland chose to become part of ghana. A constitutional referendum was held in ghana on 27 april 1960. The african ejournals project has digitized full text of. Article 2 aims and objectives the aims and objectives of the party are. Whereas the said draft constitution was submitted to a national referendum held throughout ghana on the 28th april, 1992. The constitution of ghana is the supreme law of the republic of ghana. The main issue was a change in the countrys status from a constitutional monarchy with elizabeth ii as head of state, to a republic with a presidential system of government. In some african countries, including ghana in 1969, 1979, and 1992, where the principle of. What links here related changes upload file special pages permanent link page. In the united states of america usa, for example, they operate side by side and reinforce each other.
Introducing authoritarian rule and a oneparty state ghana. Indeed, ghana modelled her 1960 constitution along the lines of the. Ials library guides ghana libguides at institute of. It defines the fundamental political principles, establishing the structure, procedures, powers and duties of the government, structure of the judiciary and legislature, and spells out the fundamental rights and duties of citizens. However, formatting rules can vary widely between applications and fields of interest or study. Constitution of nigeria 1960 wikisource, the free online. On july 1, 1960, a new constitution was adopted, changing ghana from a parliamentary system with a prime minister to a republican form of government headed by a powerful president. This was a key theme in the early history of ghana s independence. Oct 14, 2019 the three colors of the flag red, green, and black and the black star in the middle are all symbolic of the panafricanist movement. Pdf ghana, the country widely acknowledged as the contemporary leader. Constitution of actionaid international ghana aaig name of the organisation 1. On january 7, 1993, the fourth republic was inaugurated, complete with a new constitution. This was done to expose women to parliamentary life.
Ghana s constitution of 1992 with amendments through 1996. This constitution shall be the supreme law of ghana and any other law found to be inconsistent with. Ghana constitution 1960 preliminary note by francis bennion the following is the text of the 1960 ghana constitution, the first constitution of the country after it became an independent republic by virtue of the ghana independence act 1957. Every local church shall be, and remain, an assemblies of god, ghana church and shall be subject to this constitution b. The constitution of the united states preamble we the people of the united states, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do. To participate in shaping the political will of the people by disseminating information on political ideas, social and economic programmes of the party. These two principles of limiting governmental powers are not mutually exclusive. Each of the previous republics had its own constitution, dated 1979, 1969 and 1960 respectively. Pdf constitutional hybridity and constitutionalism in ghana. At ials library, the constitutions can be found in the following sources. Constitution to constitutional instruments, vincent c.258 1224 995 484 681 500 1237 751 1534 1068 129 411 1105 465 241 659 130 219 939 1366 251 308 24 201 1205 5 531 235 903 1172 927 1433 186 1254 1040 1084 425 1291 942 358 802 801