The analysis uses a case of land conflict in oromiya to illustrate the continuing relevance of these competing perspectives on land tenure and to highlight how the states attempts to resolve the dispute reflect this ambiguity regarding minority land rights. The journal of land administration in eastern africa jlaea is publication of the land administration unit that was set up at aru in november 2009. Land tenure, administration and use in pastoral areas of. Review of landholding systems and policies in ethiopia under. Selected books and articles on land tenure and land policy in ethiopia alphabetical order. Land tenure and agricultural development in ethiopia. The somali region occupies a large geographical area in the eastern and southeastern part of ethiopia.
Ethiopia land administration and nurture land project. Abstract during the period of the transitional government of ethiopia tge, that took power following the downfall of the socialist derg government, the issue of land tenancy has hotly debated among politicians. The article examines the essential features and elements of land reform, land tenure and the qalad system land measurement in ethiopia. Failure to consider land tenure implications at the beginning of an intervention is likely to result in unanticipated outcomes and may lead to it not generating an improvement. A case study from the central ethiopia workneh negatu idr, addis ababa university abstract land in ethiopia is a public property. Agriculture is an essential part of the ethiopian economy. Land tenure, land reform and the qalad system in ethiopia. In turn, these pose significant constraints to agricultural growth and natural. Model for establishing tenure security in other countries. In the agricultural societies of highland ethiopia, to have rights over land is to be human.
In this paper we assess the impacts of the land registration and certification reform on land border conflicts among neighbors in tigray region in ethiopia, where the land reform was implemented with a remarkable speed and at a very low administrative cost holden et al. I read an article written by professor teshome abebe on the policy implication of the land issue research in ethiopia. The following assertion forced me to write this commentary. Pdf land policy in ethiopia has been controversial since the fall of the military socialist derg regime in 1991. Jlaea mirrors the aspirations of the land administration unit at ardhi university aru whose mission is to ensure quality education and training, research, scientific publications, information dissemination, documentation and public services. Soda pdf merge tool allows you to combine two or more documents into a single pdf file for free. The security of farmers who rent land is a blind spot in the recent studies of land tenure in ethiopia. Lessons of experience and emerging issues international institute for environment and development, london. The authors use a large data set from ethiopia that differentiates tenure security and transferability to explore determinants of different types of land related investment and its possible impact on productivity. Ethiopia, land tenure, property rights regime, bundles of rights.
Jun 22, 2010 private limited company is a popular incorporated business form in ethiopia that can be established by a minimum of 2 and maximum of 50 persons. The effects of existing land tenure systems on land use in kenya today chege waiganjo and paul e. Continuity and change, shifting rulers, and the quest for state control article pdf available january 2008 with 5,921 reads how we measure reads. Land tenure policy in ethiopia in 1975, the socialist derg regime that had overthrown the imperial regime of haile. To link to the entire object, paste this link in email, im or document to embed the entire object, paste this html in website to link to this page, paste this link in email, im or document to embed this page, paste this html in website. Combine multiple pdf files into one pdf, try foxit pdf merge tool online free and easy to use. Land administration to nurture development landlinks. This reality necessitates the expropriation of rural land for such more useful public purposes by the government. Pastoralism, ethiopia, pastoral resources, resource tenure, pastoral land tenure. We give a brief account of what one needs to do to start a plc in addis ababa. Ethiopia s urban expansion and development strategy has been based on the acquisition of land by government from adjacent peri.
Addis ababa university school of post graduate school of law. We focus on addis ababa, as the bulk of commercial activity in ethiopia is done here. In ethiopia in general and oromia regional state in particular, presently urbanization and investments are expanding. Dec 26, 2019 the house of peoples representatives has enacted the controversial urban land proclamation no. It also tries to analyze the factors that made land measurement and land reform complex and difficult during imperial ethiopia.
Introduction concern about land tenure and its impact on land use as well as the management of natural resources is not a recent phenomenon in kenya and indeed in the. Lessons of experience and emerging issues lorenzo cotula, camilla toulmin and ced hesse. Over the span of human history, man has drawn most of his sustenance and much. In my previous articles and speeches, i had stated that neither ethiopian scholars nor political parties had provided a clear, concise, and meaningful solution to the problems of land allocation.
While they find some support for endogeneity of investment in trees, this is not the case for terraces. The other major contributor is harald aspen, an anthropologist, who is the sole author of the remaining three chapters. Research and studies in ethiopia show that insecurity of land tenure restricts rights in land. Whereas, the sustainable rapid economic growth registered across all economic sectors and regions in the country has necessitated continuously. Ethiopia and the diagnosing corruption in ethiopia report. A detailed overview of ethiopias land administration can be found in two world bank studies from 2012. Livestock feed resources in ethiopia are natural pasture, crop residue, improved pasture and forages, agroindustrial. Land tenure in ethiopia has undergone dramatic shifts from feudalistic systems under the monarchy of emperor haile selassie 19301974 to socialist land policies under the derg military government 1974. Land degradation is an important problem in ethiopia, with more than 85 % of the land degraded to various degrees. This study explores land tenure issues theories, country experiences, and the ethiopian case during the period pre1975 to present and raises fundamental issues for further investigation. Past, present and future belay zerga department of natural resources management, wolkite university, ethiopia email. The threat of eviction has even become a positive element because it forces the sharecroppers to work hard, perhaps even more so on rented land than on their own land. For more information, refer to the bibliography section.
Even though the law is a federal law, the power of implementation through subsidiary legislation is. Before the revolution in 1974, ethiopia had no private ownership. Dunning land, for most ethiopians, is central to life. Review of landholding systems and policies in ethiopia. Land tenure in ethiopia bibliography ethiopian bibliographical series no. Another part of ethiopia for which valuable field material on land tenure is available is eritrea. How to combine files into a pdf adobe acrobat dc tutorials. A more detailed definition describes land tenure as the institutional political, economic, social. The role of rural land registration and certification. Recommendations for reformi prepared for solidarity movement for a new ethiopia smne by peter j.
It lies between 4 degree11 degree n latitude and 48 degree ethe somali region occupies a large geographical area in the eastern and southeastern part of ethiopia. Past experience shows that before embarking on land reform policies, it is at first necessary to establish a legal system that provides the rule of law and a political system which is transparent and accountable. Choose from a variety of file types multiple pdf files, microsoft word documents, microsoft excel spreadsheets, microsoft powerpoint. It further examines alternative policy, legislative, institutional and implementation mechanisms, and makes recommendations deduced from a thorough analysis of. Pdf merge combinejoin pdf files online for free soda pdf. Model for establishing tenure security in other countries land administration in ethiopia a land administration system las consolidating rights to rural land has been developed in the amhara region in ethiopia. The ethiopia land administration to nurture development land project works at the national and regional levels of government to further improve the legal and regulatory framework related to land tenure and property rights and thereby support the government of ethiopias and usaids goal of increasing economic growth, particularly agricultural sector growth, improving rural resiliency. Impact of land registration and certification on land. A number of reasons, including the urgent need for land related investment and the fact that land rights enjoyed by cultivators are rather weak, make ethiopia an appropriate case to test the predictions from our model.
Effects of developing country policies on agricultural services, extension, rural infrastructure. Again, it is argued that land tenure security is vital to assure investment on land. The more secure the farmers are about their land, the more they are interested in making investments on land management eeaeepri, 2002. There is at present a proposal to combine the ministry of agriculture and the ministry of rural. This is the largest delivery of nonfreehold rights in such a short time period in sub saharan africa deininger et al. The land was communally owned, but individuals could have rights to certain plots of land. The most common types of land related institutions in pre1975 ethiopia were rist, gult, maderia yemengist land, and semon church land.
Land tenure, administration and use in pastoral areas of ethiopia the approach pastoralist forum ethiopia, along with its member organizations and partners and through close collaboration with the pastoralist societies, identified the need to document the experiences and challenges of pastoralists in ethiopia. Landlord tenant and rist is the main tenure institutions. Recent estimates using satellite imagery show that land degradation hotspots over the last three decades cover about 23 % of the land area in the country. Land lease policy in addis ababa ethiopian, chamber. The dynamics of cognatic descent monographs in ethiopian land tenure hoben, allan, ph. While we find some support for endogeneity of investment in trees, this is not the case for terraces. Securing land tenure and easing access to land by frank byamugisha february 2016 overview to engage in modern commercial farming, global experience indicates that it is necessary to secure land tenure needed to support long term investments and growth in productivity. Mergers and acquisitions upload file and results files. This free online tool allows to combine multiple pdf or image files into a single pdf document. From the land comes sustenance, status and often political power.
Bodurtha, justin caron, jote chemeda, dinara shakhmetova, and long vo introduction and problem definition the challenges of land tenure in ethiopia are part of a complex policy problem that stem from failed. Split pdf files into individual pages, delete or rotate pages, easily merge pdf files together or edit and modify pdf files. Effects of land tenure and property rights on agricultural. Smallpdf the platform that makes it super easy to convert and edit all your pdf files. A read is counted each time someone views a publication summary such as the title, abstract, and list of authors, clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the fulltext. Mergers and acquisitions upload file the mergers and acquisitions upload file is the file that is provided by the acquiring, or purchasing, institution to initiate the transfer of employments for mlos from an acquired institution as a result of a merger, acquisition or corporate reorganization. Land lease policy in addis ababa l and lease policy in addis ababa 7 the urban land management system and identifying issues and problems underlying the gap between supply and demand. While the current ethiopian government has implemented a land policy that is based on state ownership of land where.
The new federal and regional land proclamations that form. Ethiopia land policy and administration assessment ix executive summary research and studies in ethiopia show that insecurity of land tenure restricts rights in land, reduces incentives to productively invest in land, and limits transferability of land. Pastoral land tenure in ethiopia regime foncier pastoral en ethiopie. History of tenure system in ethiopia introduction taken from land law teaching material prepared by daniel wgebriel and melkamu belachew under the sponsership of justice and legal research institute understanding the ethiopian land tenure system is important to student of land law for it gives students general historical and factual ideas. Over the span of human history, man has drawn most of. As a result of the expansionist war of the ancient ethiopian rulers with their neighboring tribes, the.
Ethiopia, its land laws and the potential to improve lives. In africa the rangelands initiative is led by a small coordination and technical unit made up of ilc members reconcile in kenya and ilri in ethiopia. This book builds on ethnographic studies in selected sites in the amhara region in ethiopia from the 1980s up to 2010. After the fall of the socialist derg regime in 1991, land property rights have remained vested in the state and only usufruct rights have been alienated to farmers to the disappointment of international donor agencies. Expost analysis of land title registration in ghana since. A number of issues combine to obscure the existence of tenure regimes in the. Land tenure in ethiopia has undergone dramatic shifts from feudalistic systems under the monarchy of. Merge pdf online combine pdf files for free foxit software. Ethiopia that land is the property of the state and the peoples of ethiopia and that its use shall be subject to specific regulation by law. Opportunity and constraints of livestock feed resources in. In relation to compensation to be paid for rural land. The perspective is that of the landowner, seen as poor, not that of the. Solving all your pdf problems in one place and yes, free.
The problem of land reform in ethiopia has hampered that countrys economic development throughout the late 19th and 20th centuries. We use a large data set from ethiopia that differentiates tenure security and transferability to explore determinants of different types of landrelated investment and its possible impact on productivity. Expost analysis of land title registration in ghana since 2008 merger. Land tenure and agrarian social structure in ethiopia, 16361900 by habtamu mengistie tegegne dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of doctor of philosophy in history in the graduate college of the university of illinois at urbanachampaign, 2011 urbana, illinois doctoral committee. Land tenure in ethiopia continuity and change, shifting rulers and the quest for state control wibke crewett,1 ayalneh bogale, and benedikt korf the controversy. To link to the entire object, paste this link in email, im or document to embed the entire object, paste this html in website to link to this page, paste this link in email, im or document. Attempts to modernize land ownership by giving title either to the peasants who till the soil, or to largescale farming programs, have been tried under imperial rulers like emperor haile selassie, and under marxist regimes like the derg, with mixed results. The ethiopia land administration to nurture development land project works at the national and regional levels of government to further improve the legal and regulatory framework related to land tenure and property rights and thereby support the government of ethiopia s and usaids goal of increasing economic growth, particularly agricultural sector growth, improving rural resiliency. In general, it is the major impediment to the development of the countrys livestock sector which results in slow growth rate in growing animals, low productive and reproductive performance 35. It lies between 4 degree11 degree n latitude and 48 degree elongitude. How to start a plc private limited company in ethiopia. The rangelands initiative supports ilc members and their government partners to develop or in. Overview simply put, land tenure is the way in which people have access to and use land and natural resources. Ethiopia experiences a fierce political debate about the appropriate land tenure policy.
I consulted material from the center that deal with the subject of this article. Svein ege, a historian, is the editor of the book and the sole author of five out of nine chapters, and coauthors one chapter with yigremedaw adal. Effects of land tenure and property rights on agricultural productivity in ethiopia, namibia and bangladesh shimelles tenaw, k. Our pdf merger allows you to quickly combine multiple pdf files into one single pdf document, in just a few clicks.
Initiatives and reforms within ethiopian land tenure legislation at the. In doing so, the article links to important recent debates on land tenure in africa. Land tenure insecurity in postcertification amhara, ethiopia. In tigray state, northern ethiopia, where the detailed research on which this paper is based has been centered, and in the literature concerning land rights and our less indepth research in other parts of ethiopia. Journal of land administration in eastern africa land. Farmers have use right to transfer or lease use rights of agricultural land. In some cases it may even worsen the situation, for example by inadvertently dispossessing people of their rights to land.
They include research on land tenure and agriculture. Approach situational assessment janfeb 2004 ethiopia land policy and administration assessment may 2004 design team january to may 2005 design strengthening ethiopia land tenure and administration program ltap limitations the derg military regime abolished all customary land rights making all land the property of the state. Ethiopia is a country located in the horn of africa with an area of 1,112,000 sq. Each record in the file must be provided in the format. Economics of land degradation and improvement in ethiopia. Usaids work with land tenure and property rights ltpr in ethiopia began with the ethiopia land policy and administration assessment in 2004, which led to the following projects.1204 218 601 1047 481 1240 1259 1407 1423 1360 414 689 891 564 230 862 270 218 577 1056 590 829 416 726 428 1246 439 83 986 143 704 57 101 1129 837 924 155 468 450 253 484 1067